What are Cataracts?
A cataract is a progressive clouding of the eye’s natural lens that interferes with light passing through to the retina. Sufferers usually describe the condition as being similar to looking through a waterfall, or a piece of wax paper, with a gradual blurring or dimming of vision.
Reading may become more difficult and driving a car can actually become dangerous. Cataract sufferers may also be troubled by bothersome glare, halos around lights, or even double vision. As the cataract becomes worse, frequent changes in eyeglass prescriptions may become necessary.
Currently there is no medical treatment to reverse or prevent the development of cataracts. Once they form, there is only one way to achieve clear vision again, and that is to physically remove the cataract from the eye and insert a clear artificial lens. Today, this condition can be corrected surgically on an outpatient basis.
Cataract development is usually a very gradual process but can occasionally occur rapidly. Many people are unaware that they have cataracts because the changes in their vision are very gradual. Cataracts are very common, affecting roughly 60% of people over the age of 60, and over 1.5 million cataract surgeries are performed in the United States each year.
At Advanced Eye Care in Bel Air, Dr. Lisa Feulner performs a state-of-the-art procedure that promotes fast recovery and has restored functional vision to thousands of patients.
Cataract surgery has existed in this world for over a century, but it is the recent innovations in technology that have transformed this into a very safe and effective surgery. The success rate for cataract surgery is extremely high, with over 90% of patients experiencing clear uncorrected vision after surgery. Cataract surgery is actually the most reimbursed medical surgery by Medicare today! Today, advanced artificial intraocular lenses (IOLs) have allowed patients to recover more youthful eyesight. Instead of dealing with glasses after surgery some patients may have the choice to upgrade to a new premium type of lens that will enable vision at multiple distances. In addition to the new lens implants available, less invasive surgery techniques have come to fruition to enable much faster healing. Despite the effectiveness of the cataract surgery the preparation process may take weeks and various decisions will need to be made.
Before your cataract surgery your eye must be properly cleaned and dilated. A topical anesthetic is used before the small incision is made. An ultrasonic device will be inserted into the small incision to gently break up the hard yellow proteins that form the cataract, and remove them from the eye.
A folded intraocular lens will be inserted through the original incision. This lens will replace your natural lens and stay in place inside your eye, providing you with clear vision after the procedure. You will not be able to feel or sense the implanted lens in any way. The small incision will then self-seal itself without the need for stitches.
It is important that you discuss your vision expectations with your eye surgeon to determine the right premium lens implant for you. Learn more about the Premium Lens Implants offered at Advanced Eye Care in Bel Air.
Recovering from cataract surgery is fast and relatively easy! Most patients will notice improved vision with their new lens within the first 24 hours. It is important that you follow the postoperative instructions provided by your cataract surgeon. It is important that you refrain from strenuous physical activity and from rubbing your eyes during the first few weeks after surgery.
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